Fire is a constant threat on Antarctic stations. The dry atmospheric conditions, the isolation and the lack of alternative facilities make expeditioners especially vulnerable.

To prevent the threat of fire, each station has a specially trained fire team. The leader of the team is known as Station Fire Chief.

The fire team is trained prior to departure. They learn fire fighting techniques and how to use breathing apparatus. If the Station Fire Chief is ever absent from station, a deputy fire officer must be appointed.

Each station has its own set of fire orders. All expeditioners undergo regular fire drill training throughout the year. At the sound of a fire alarm in any building, all people not on the emergency response team muster at a designated area in the living quarters. If the fire is in this location, then there are secondary muster points at the emergency vehicle shelter or the main store.

All facilities are well equipped with fire extinguishers and hydrants. On the continental stations, a dedicated fire vehicle is always on standby. The fire equipment on station is regularly checked. Special tanks for fire fighting water are kept heated and ready to be used at all times. Fire fighting water makes up two thirds of the water stored on station.

All stations have clothing, tents and food rations in separate buildings for emergencies.