Antarctic Treaty System Home > About Antarctica > Antarctic Treaty Australia and the Antarctic Treaty System Learn about the unique set of agreements between nations that govern activities in Antarctica and its surrounding seas. History of the Antarctic Treaty Discover the history and background to the Antarctic Treaty. The Madrid Protocol The Madrid Protocol provides for comprehensive protection of Antarctica. Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources Learn about the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR). This content was last updated 2 years ago on 28 July 2020.