People live in Antarctica to undertake scientific research.

Australia has three permanent Antarctic stations (Davis, Casey & Mawson) and one permanent sub-Antarctic station at Macquarie Island. We conduct research in atmospheric studies, biology (including plants and animals), glaciology, medicine, human impact and environment.

In order to support this scientific research and keep the research stations running, tradespeople also live at the stations. These include plumbers, electricians, mechanics and carpenters.