Atmospheric instruments Home > About Antarctica > Ice and atmosphere > Atmosphere > Atmospheric instruments Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) LIDAR uses a laser beam to measure the atmosphere. The Davis VHF radar The Davis VHF radar detects reflections from turbulent structures in the mesosphere, stratosphere and troposphere and is… The Davis MFSA radar The MFSA radar measures the wind speed and direction from 50 km to 100 km in the atmosphere. The Davis meteor radar Meteors provide us with an opportunity to study the outer reaches of our atmosphere. Hydroxyl airglow temperature observations This instrument detects infra-red light emissions from a layer of hydroxyl (OH) molecules, to determine the temperature of… Balloon measurements Balloon measurements provide a snapshot of the atmosphere. Measurements from space Satellites that circle the globe are able to give us a lot of insight into Earth’s weather and the middle atmosphere. This content was last updated 12 months ago on 28 September 2020.