Australian law and best practice standards require the AAD to take a values-based approach to looking after our cultural heritage. We identify cultural heritage significance using the same sort of criteria that are used in assessing other Australian heritage sites. Places and objects may qualify as 'heritage' because they:
- have historic importance
- are rare
- provide an opportunity for research
- are particularly representative of a type
- have aesthetic appeal
- are evidence of creative or technical achievement
- have associations with social groups or significant people
Why manage our cultural heritage
The purpose of cultural heritage management is to understand, preserve and provide access to culture. By doing this, we are better able to make sense of the present.
We understand the past and the present primarily though oral history and traditions, documentary records (written, pictorial and archival), and other material manifestations of human interaction with the environment. Key manifestations are sites, monuments, objects and buildings.
Cultural heritage management focuses on evidence provided by cultural resources and traditions. Cultural heritage activities are concerned with the material or behavioural manifestations of cultural practices (also known as cultural material, cultural resources and cultural property).
These consist of:
- Moveable cultural heritage objects (artefacts): including those associated and not associated with a site, building or other places. The AAD maintains an Antarctic artefacts database.
- Heritage places: including buildings and groups of buildings, cultural landscapes, sites, monuments, shipwrecks, stations, precincts, archaeological sites and other places both from history and prehistory.
- Traditions, events and activities: including long-distance traverses, memorials for lives lost, exchanges with researchers from other nations, and regular changeover celebrations and mid-winter dinners.