Australia’s primary goal within the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) is to ensure the conservation of the marine living resources within the convention area.

Whales and seals are the subject of other conventions — namely, the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling and the Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals.

An important related goal is to enhance Australia’s influence in the Antarctic Treaty System, as this offers an opportunity to influence decisions about a region that is proximate to Australia, and to maintain Australia's reputation as a responsible manager of marine resources.

To this end, Australia’s long-term objectives in CCAMLR are:

  1. Conservation: To promote and support measures that meet the conservation objective of the convention now and in the future
  2. Sustainability: To develop, enhance and maintain management measures and fishing practices that ensure the ecological sustainability of any harvesting activities in the Southern Ocean
  3. Compliance: To develop and maintain effective measures to achieve global compliance with CCAMLR conservation measures, including the elimination of illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing occurring inside, and adjacent to, the CCAMLR area, and
  4. Administration: To seek to ensure that funding and administrative practices adopted by CCAMLR are efficient and effective.