Dr Graham Hosie
Dr Graham Hosie: BSc (Hons), MSc, PhD
Principal Research Scientist: Zooplankton
My main research interests are studying the ecology and biogeography of plankton species and communities and the potential effects of climate change on plankton. Plankton are the foundation of marine ecosystems and changes in plankton abundance or diversity are expected to affect the rest of the food web and eventually humans. Plankton are also very sensitive to changes in their environment and are good indicators of the health of ocean systems.
In 1991 I established the Southern Ocean Continuous Plankton Recorder Survey to map the biodiversity of plankton around and Antarctica and to study and monitor changes in their patterns. This involves towing a Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) behind ships of various nations travelling through Antarctic waters, in order to understand seasonal, inter-annual, long term and geographical variations in plankton abundances, community structure and distribution patterns. Several nations and their ships are now involved in the survey and include Japan, New Zealand, Germany, United Kingdom, United States, Russia and the Southern American Census of Antarctic Marine Life consortium.
The survey is associated with the Sir Alister Foundation for Ocean Science (SAHFOS), which oversees CPR surveys in the North Sea, Atlantic and North Pacific. I am a Trustee of SAHFOS, and also the Chair of the Board of Governance of the Global Alliance of CPR Surveys (GACS) which is global plankton monitoring network involving all current regional CPR Surveys. I am also Co-Director with Dr Anthony Richardson (CSIRO, UQ), of the Australian CPR (AusCPR) Survey which is part of Australia’s Integrated Marine Observing System (IMOS).
I keep an active interest in the ecology of Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) and related krill species in the Southern Ocean, notably studying the distribution and abundance of krill, their interactions with zooplankton and the ecology of the ecology of the larvae.
- The Southern Ocean CPR Survey (#472)
- Collaborative East Antarctic Marine Census (CEAMARC) for the Census of Antarctic Marine Life (#2792)
- Southern Ocean Calcareous Zooplankton Response to Ocean Acidification (#3046)
- Chair of the Board of Governance, Global Alliance of CPR Surveys (GACS)
- Trustee of the Sir Alister Foundation for Ocean Science (SAHFOS)
- Director SCAR Southern Ocean CPR Survey (14 nations)
- Chief Officer, SCAR Standing Scientific Group on Life Sciences
- Co-Chief Officer SCAR Expert Group on CPR Research (EG-CPR)
- Project Leader CEAMARC (4 nations)
- Census of Antarctic Marine Life (CAML) – Invited expert on plankton and pelagic systems
- SCAR Marine Biodiversity Information Network (SCAR-MarBIN) – Invited expert on plankton
- Assistant Editor of Polar Science.
Key outcome areas
- CCAMLR (Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources)
- SCAR (Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research)
- IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change)
- SOOS (Southern Ocean Observing System)
- IMOS (Integrated Marine Observing System)
- Australian Antarctic science strategic plan 2011–12 to 2020–21: Theme 3 – Southern Ocean Ecosystems: Environmental Change and Conservation
- Senior Fellow - Japan Society for the Promotion of Science and Australian Academy of Science 1997.
- Monbusho (Ministry of Education), Visiting Professor to National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo 1999.
- Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales 2009 Whitley Award for best Electronic Guide – Guide to the Marine Zooplankton of south eastern Australia.
- AusCPR (Australian Continuous Plankton Recorder survey)
- CEAMARC (post-survey report)
Australian Antarctic Magazine (AAM) articles:
o Plankton survey uses old technology to monitor the future (AAM 6: 15-17, 2004)
o Monitoring Australia’s oceans (AAM 13: 12-13, 2007)
o Underwater world gives up its secrets (AAM 14: 2-3, 2008)
o Collaborative East Antarctic Census feature (AAM 18: 13-18, 2008)
Hosie, G.W., Fukuchi, M. and Kawaguchi, S. (2003) Development of the Southern Ocean Continuous Plankton Recorder Survey. Progress in Oceanography 58 (2-4), 263-283.
Hunt, B.P.V. and Hosie, G.W. (2003) The Continuous Plankton Recorder in the Southern Ocean: a comparative analysis of zooplankton communities sampled by the CPR and vertical net hauls along 140°E. Journal of Plankton Research 25 (12), 1-19.
Hosie, G.W. (2004) Tackling fundamental issues in Southern Ocean plankton ecology – Japan and Australia’s collaborative achievements. Plankton Biology and Ecology 51 (2): 57-70.
Hunt, B.P.V. and Hosie, G.W. (2005) Zonal Structure of Zooplankton Communities in the Southern Ocean south of Australia: results from a 2150 kilometre Continuous Plankton Recorder transect. Deep-Sea Research I 52, 1241-1271.
Hunt, B.P.V. and Hosie, G.W. (2006a) Seasonal zooplankton community succession in the Southern Ocean south of Australia, Part I: The Seasonal Ice Zone. Deep-Sea Research I 53, 1182-1202.
Hunt, B.P.V. and Hosie, G.W. (2006b) Seasonal zooplankton community succession in the Southern Ocean south of Australia, Part II: The Sub-Antarctic to Polar Frontal Zones. Deep-Sea Research I 53, 1203-1223.
Hunt, B. P. V., Pakhomov, E. A., Hosie, G. W., Siegel, V., Ward, P. Bernard, K. (2008) Pteropods in Southern Ocean ecosystems. Progress in Oceanography 78, 193-221.
Raymond, B. and Hosie, G. (2009) Network-based exploration and visualisation of ecological data. Ecological Modelling. 220: 673-683.
Takahashi, K.T., Kawaguchi, S., Hosie, G.W., Toda, T., Naganobu, M. and Fukuchi, M. (2010) Surface zooplankton distribution in 1 the Drake Passage recorded by Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) in late austral summer of 2000. Polar Science 3, 235-245.
Pinkerton, M., Smith, A.N., Raymond, B., Hosie, G.W., Sharp, B., Leathwick, J.R. and Bradford-Grieve, J.M. (2010) Spatial and seasonal distribution of adult Oithona similis in the Southern Ocean: predictions using boosted regression trees. Deep-Sea Research I 57, 469–485.
McLeod, D.J., Hosie, G.W., Kitchener, J.A., Takahashi, K.T. and Hunt, B.P.V. (2010) Zooplankton Atlas of the Southern Ocean: The Southern Ocean Continuous Plankton Recorder Survey (1991-2008) Polar Science 4 (2), 353-385.
Koubbi, P., Ozouf-Costaz, C., Goarant, A., Moteki, M., Hulley, P-A., Causse, R., Dettai, A., Duhamel, G., Pruvost, P., Tavernier, E., Post, A., Beaman, R.J., Rintoul, S., Hirawake, T., Hirano, D., Ishimaru, T., Riddle, M., Hosie, G. (2010) Estimating the biodiversity of the East Antarctic shelf and oceanic zone for ecoregionalisation: example of the ichthyofauna of the CEAMARC (Collaborative East Antarctic Marine Census) CAML surveys. Polar Science 4 (2), 115-133 .
Takahashi, K., Hosie, G.W., Kitchener, J.A., McLeod, D.J., Odate, T., and Fukuchi, M. (2010) Comparison of zooplankton distribution patterns between four seasons in the Indian Ocean sector of the Southern Ocean. Polar Science 4 (2), 317-331.
Fukuchi, M., Hodgson, D., di Prisco, G., Hosie, G., Convey, P. and Bergstrom, D. eds. (2010) “Antarctic Biology in the 21st Century - Advances in and beyond IPY” Polar Science 4 (2), 93-430.
Gutt, J., Hosie, G., and Stoddart, M. (2010) Chapter 11. Marine Life in the Antarctic. In (A. McIntyre ed) Marine Life: Diversity, Abundance and Distribution. Wiley-Blackwell 384 pp.