Australian Antarctic Medal
The Australian Antarctic Medal, established in 1987, is an award in the Meritorious Service Awards category of the Australian Honours System. The Australian Antarctic Medal replaced the (British) Imperial Polar Medal and its variations which date back to 1857 for service in the Arctic and Antarctic regions.
The Australian Antarctic Medal is awarded by the Governor-General with the authority of the Queen to an Australian citizen or other person nominated by the Minister or Parliamentary Secretary responsible for Antarctic matters, who has given "outstanding service in scientific research or exploration, or in support of such work, in the course of, or in connection with, an Australian Antarctic Expedition". Recipients of the Australian Antarctic Medal are entitled to use the post-nominal letters "AAM".
The Australian Antarctic Names and Medals Committee provides an objective and independent assessment of nominations for the award and makes recommendations to the responsible Minister or Parliamentary Secretary. The Minister or Parliamentary Secretary then provides his or her recommendations to the Governor-General by the end of May each year.
The Governor-General announces the awards in a special Honours List on Midwinter's Day, 21 June, a time of traditional significance to all who have worked in the Antarctic.
Except in exceptional circumstances, the recipient of a medal will have worked for not less than 12 months (may be an aggregate) in the Antarctic climate south of latitude 60° south or elsewhere in the Antarctic region where "the rigours of Antarctic climate and terrain prevail".
It is expected that any person proposed for the award of the Australian Antarctic Medal will have made a unique and significant contribution to the Australian Antarctic Program. The award is not for long service, nor is it for the discharge of an expeditioner's normal duties, however well performed.
Unique among the Meritorious Service Awards, the Australian Antarctic Medal can be awarded to the same person for a second and subsequent occasion, however to date this has not occurred. Similarly, unlike any of the other Meritorious Service Awards, there is no quota imposed on the number of awards per year.
The last awards of the Polar Medal covered expeditions up to 1980, and the first recipients of the Australian Antarctic Medal were announced on 22 June 1987. This group included expeditions from 1981 onward.
The medal is octagonal in shape with the obverse bearing a stylized map of Australia and the Antarctic, surrounded by the inscription "For Outstanding Service in the Antarctic". On the reverse of the medal there is a depiction of an expeditioner walking into drifting snow with Mawson's Hut in the background. Surmounting the medal is a small six-sided ice-crystal device linking the medal to its suspension bar. The medal is suspended by a 32 millimetre wide white moiré ribbon, edged on each side with three narrow stripes of blue, representing the transition of water to ice as one approaches Antarctica. A date bar is attached to the ribbon, designating the period of service in Antarctica for which the medal has been awarded, or, in the case of consecutive years, the year in which the award was made.
A lapel badge, identical to the ice crystal device, is provided for wearing on any occasion.
Anyone may nominate an expeditioner for an Australian Antarctic Medal but under no circumstances should the candidate be aware that he or she is being nominated for the award.
To be considered at the annual March meeting of the Australian Antarctic Names and Medals Committee nominations addressing the selection criteria and providing all other required detail must be received by late January of that same year.