Sir James Clark Ross (18001862)

Painting of Sir James Clark Ross
Painting of Sir James Clark Ross, by Stephen Pearce (18191904)

James Clark Ross was a  British Naval Officer and polar explorer. He features a long way back in the annals of polar exploration but he was a significant figure after whom the Ross Sea was named.


  • 1819-27 – Participated in Arctic voyages and expeditions, searching for the Northwest Passage
  • 1829-33 – Took part in expedition that located the North Magnetic Pole
  • 1835-38 – Participated in magnetic survey of England, Scotland and Wales
  • 1839-43 – Charted much of the Antarctic coastline
  • 1841 – Discovered the Ross Sea, and named volcanoes Mt Terror and Mt Erebus after the expedition's ships
  • 1843 – Ross was knighted.
This page was last updated on 19 August 2008.